Using Visa or MasterCard for donations to WikiLeaks was made possible again Wednesday when the French organization Defense Fund Net Neutrality (FDNN) started accepting payments via those credit card providers through the French Carte Bleue systems.
"Despite Visa and Mastercard cutting off payments to WikiLeaks, we have found some ways around the banking blockade, at least for now," WikiLeaks announced on its website.
Donations to WikiLeaks were blocked by MasterCard, Visa, Western Union, Bank of America and PayPal after it began to release some 250,000 secret U.S. diplomatic cables in November 2010, making it hard for the organization to raise funds. With the blockade in place, WikiLeaks donations were reduced by 95 percent and cost the organization over $20 million, according to WikiLeaks.
FDNN decided to help fight the blockade upon WikiLeaks' request, said FDNN's president Benjamin Bayart in a blog post. "FDNN uses the French national banking system, Carte Bleue, to process these payments, rather than using Visa and Mastercard directly. So, for the moment, whilst we are still able to run this, we are enabling the public to use their credit cards to donate to WikiLeaks," he wrote.
FDNN is a French not-for-profit organization. Its main goal is to help fund projects and organizations involved in the defense of net neutrality, and more widely on the defense of free speech on the Internet, the organization states on its website.
The French credit card system Carte Bleue is coupled with the Visa and MasterCard systems globally, and Visa and MasterCard are contractually barred from directly cutting off merchants through the Carte Bleue system, said WikiLeaks in a news release. However, WikiLeaks expects that Visa and MasterCard will attempt to shut down this donation option when they can.
Neither Visa nor MasterCard responded to requests for comment.
People who want to donate can do so by paying an amount to FDNN. WikiLeaks is not the only organization FDNN accepts funding for. On the donation part of the organization's site, donors can also choose to benefit four other projects via a pull-down menu, including La Quadrature du Net, an advocacy group defending rights of citizens on the Internet, and April, a French advocacy group that promotes and protects open source software.
The amount entered on the site will be recorded as a promise to make an immediate donation using a credit card, FDNN said. The donor will then be directed to the website of FDNN's French bank, where the payment can be made. "Thus, we will never have your credit card information, which is a warranty to be safe for you," the organization states.
The donors' data that is passed to the bank consists of the date, the amount, the transaction number, the merchant's name ("FDNN") and the email address used. A check of the Web form's source code shows that the destination organization is not passed on to the bank.
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