On Monday (June 2, 2014), representatives from the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) and IT company NEC spoke on the issue of fighting cybercrime at the Interpol-NEC breakfast seminar held in Singapore.
Approximately 30 industry professionals, including those from government and the security industry attended the meeting. The first speaker, Madan Mohan Oberoi, Director, Cyber Innovation and Outreach, Interpol Global Complex for Innovation, kick started his presentation with the announcement of the upcoming Interpol Global Complex Innovation, which will be based in Singapore. It is currently nearing completion, and will be formally inaugurated in April 2015.
According to Oberoi, the complex aims to fulfill Interpol’s vision of tackling crime threats of the 21st Century by strengthening police cooperation and enhancing police capabilities. It will house cutting-edge research and development facility for the identification of crimes and criminals, especially in the field of digital security; as well as provide innovation-based training and 24/7 operational support to police worldwide.
Following the announcement, Oberoi emphasised that there needs to be a global effort in fighting cybercrime — the private sector needs to become more involved in law enforcement investigations to give police the edge they need.
Three pillars of combating cybercrime
Interpol has come up with a guide on how to tackle online crime. It is based on three pillars — harmonisation, capacity development, and operational support — that Oberoi wholly termed as the “global alliance to fight cybercrime.”
Harmonisation refers to the unification of perspectives. There are different jurisdictions involved in cybercrime investigations; and each of them has a different legal framework. Oberoi highlights that Interpol is working towards overcoming these varying legal structures to develop a more common approach.
As part of its harmonisation efforts, Interpol has launched its own National Cyber Reports, which reviews elements such as the legal infrastructure, human resource capacity, and the institutional framework of its member country.
As for capacity development, Oberoi noted two main issues with respect to it. Firstly, there are many redundancies and duplications happening in the area that requires a lot of resources. For instance, if a law enforcement agency says that it needs training in a particular area, many organisations step up to the plate to offer their help. However, Oberoi advised that “if we don’t optimise resource allocation, we will be multiplying our problems.”
The second issue that concerns capacity development is that often, many organisations are carrying out training in different phases, depending mostly on the availability of resources. This means that although capacity building effort is taking place, the structure is missing. Therefore, Interpol has taken up the responsibility to come up with modular standardised training structures. Oberoi claims that Interpol is currently in contact with many universities and private sectors to help them in this effort.
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