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'Mayhem' takes first in DARPA's all-computer hacking challenge

Sharon Gaudin | Aug. 8, 2016
Cybersecurity system from ForAllSecure of Pittsburgh is presumptive winner of Cyber Grand Challenge


In the first head-to-head hacking competition of autonomous computers, a system developed by a team of Pittsburgh-based researchers is the presumptive winner.

Mayhem, a high-performance computer running an autonomous system, beat six other competing machines in the finals of DARPA’s Cyber Grand Challenge in Las Vegas on Thursday.

Mayhem was developed by the ForAllSecure team from Pittsburgh.

Results were still being verified, but the winning team, a startup with roots at Carnegie Mellon University, is set to be awarded the $2 million grand prize today.


Members of the ForAllSecure team are the presumptive winners of the DARPA-sponsored Cyber Grand Challenge with their computer program called Mayhem.

The winning system also is expected to be invited to compete against the world’s best human hackers at Defcon later today. It would be the first time a machine has played in a tournament at DefCon, long-running hacking conference.

“I’m enormously gratified that we achieved [the Cyber Grand Challenge’s] primary goal, which was to provide clear proof of principle that machine-speed, scalable cyber defense is indeed possible,” said Mike Walker, DARPA program manager, in a statement. “I’m confident it will speed the day when networked attackers no longer have the inherent advantage they enjoy today.”

During the 12-hour "capture the flag" tournament, the teams were scored on how well their systems "protected hosts, scanned the network for vulnerabilities and maintained the correct function of software."

Walker said the challenge has launched a revolution in software security.

“In the same way that the Wright brothers’ first flight -- although it didn’t go very far -- launched a chain of events that quickly made the world a much smaller place, we now have seen for the first time autonomy involving the kind of reasoning that’s required for cyber defense,” he said. “That is a huge advance compared to where the cyber defense world was yesterday.”

In Thursday’s competition, Xandra, a computer system designed by TechX, a team from Ithaca, N.Y. and the University of Virginia, took second place, winning $1 million.

Mechanical Phish, a system designed by team Shellphish from the University of California, Santa Barbara, was the third-place winner and will take home $750,000.

DARPA has been running the cyber challenge since 2013 in an effort to stimulate research into autonomous systems that can be used to protect the computer software that runs in nearly all devices of daily life, including cars, refrigerators, home security systems and coffee makers.

With the Internet of Things steadily growing, more devices are connected to the Internet, requiring even more cybersecurity. Keeping all of that software secure has become an overwhelming scenario for humans acting alone.


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